HIGHEST Volcanoes On Earth
Date: 2020-11-01 00:17:34
Biggest volcanoes in the world! These are the tallest volcanoes on our planet, some of which have erupted recently
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Nestled within the Cascade mountain range between Portland, Oregon and Seattle, Washington, is a volcano notorious for its pyroclastic flows and ash-launching eruptions. While it isn’t the highest mountain of the region, it’s still an impressive summit as Mount Saint Helens stands 8,363 feet tall currently. This volcano was once even taller, measure to a height of 9,677 feet above sea level, but a 5.1 earthquake triggered a lateral eruption in the volcano on May 18, 1980 leading to devastating consequences. A massive portion of the volcano was blown to smithereens, reducing it in size and leaving a mile-wide horseshoe-esque crater at the peak. But the sudden explosion proved even worse for locals as the eruption would go on to be the most destructive volcanic event in American history.
The highest volcano peak in Japan is the legendary Mount Fuji, one of the nation’s “Three Holy Mountains” looming over the rest of the island of Honshū at a height of 12,389 feet above sea level. Though it sits roughly sixty miles to the south-west of Tokyo, residents of the Japanese capital city can still view the great snow-covered volcano on a clear day. Mount Fuji hasn’t erupted in over 3 centuries, with the last explosive events occurring in 1707 and 1708. Recent developments have some locals worried, however, as the 2011 earthquake off the coast of Tōhoku was thought by some scientists to have potentially induced volcanic unrest. Research, speculations, and mathematical models have indicated the possibility that the magma chamber of Mount Fuji could be at a higher pressure point than it was prior to its last eruption.
Mauna Loa is widely considered the largest volcano on Earth. Shield volcanoes differ from stratovolcanoes in that their lava flows are more fluid so the lava travels further resulting in a less steep shape. The slopes of Mauna Loa flow outward over a wide expanse and the volume of this volcano are thought to measure out to 18 thousand cubic miles! Still active, this summit tends to pour out a fluid, silicone-light lava with mild, non-explosive eruptions. Scientists believe this volcano has been erupting continuously for over 700 thousand years, but only breached above sea level in the past 400 thousand years. There have been few fatalities due to these eruptions, historically speaking, but in both 1926 and 1950, entire villages were wiped out from lava flows.